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How to Formulate a Hypothesis - YouTube

How write a hypothesisJul 10, 2013. This video was so much easier for me to understand how to write a good hypothesis using variables; explaining both the Independent and Dependent. Here is an excerpt Most commonly in scientific research, a hypothesis is a tentative, testable, and falsifiable statement that explains some observed. A hypothesis statement is an educated guess which provides the reader with the argument the writer is trying to prove, usually through a scientific procedure. This procedure must be one that can be tested, wherein you will test if and/or how two variables are related. A good hypothesis will provide a possible explanation for some phenomenon, with the rest of the paper proving or disproving this observation. Before preparing the hypothesis, the writer must thoroughly research the topic in order to form a prediction, which will come from a previous scientific observation, hence why a hypothesis is an educated guess. Once this research is complete, the actual hypothesis statement will be written in an if/then structure. That is, the statement will argue that if one thing is true, then this will be the result. It must also contain both an independent and a dependent variable. An example would be "If obesity is caused by a high-sugar diet, then people who drink 2 liters of soda every day will have a higher rate of obesity." Notice that the statement itself provides the outline for what exactly will be tested, as well as what the experimenter is hoping to prove. Next


Forming a Good Hypothesis for Scientific Research - Verywell Mind

How write a hypothesisMar 5, 2018. When conducting an experiment, researchers might explore a number of factors to determine which ones might contribute to the ultimate outcome. In many cases, researchers may find that the results of an experiment do not support the original hypothesis. When writing up these results, the researchers. Join us in the 2018 October school holidays for the Creation Super Conference on Queensland's Sunshine Coast. It's worth at least pointing out that Moses could not have written every single word of the Pentateuch, since he dies before the end of Deuteronomy. 34:1) What seems to be a better explanation than asserting that Moses wrote the whole thing is to suggest that Moses very well could have compiled an original version of the Pentateuch, that was developed further after his death. 4 days, 10 Speakers, full kids program, Youth activities, access to resort facilities and much more! Your article reminds me of yet another instance where the Lord has graciously protected me from madcap theories. Many years ago and just after I got saved I went to a lecture where a Jesuit priest spoke on this JEDP subject. I dutifully took notes but most of it went over my head; the rest was forgotten - PTL - as I got stuck into the Bible. Your article reminds me of yet another instance where the Lord has graciously protected me from madcap theories. So I was very interested to read your article explaining to me what I'd missed! Many years ago and just after I got saved I went to a lecture where a Jesuit priest spoke on this JEDP subject. The moment I am faced with a question I do not know the answer to, I can jump onto and find an article directly addressing the subject in question. Next


Examples of Hypothesis

How write a hypothesisThe American Heritage Dictionary defines a hypothesis as, "a tentative explanation for an observation, phenomenon, or scientific problem that can be tested by further investigation." This means a hypothesis is the stepping stone to a soon-to-be proven theory. For a hypothesis to be considered a scientific hypothesis, it must. From the perspective of a user, the purpose of Hypothesis is to make it easier for you to write better tests. It’s buggy, insecure and generally poorly thought out. A lot of the problem here is that it’s too hard to write good tests. From my perspective as the author, that is of course also a purpose of Hypothesis, but (if you will permit me to indulge in a touch of megalomania for a moment), the larger purpose of Hypothesis is to drag the world kicking and screaming into a new and terrifying age of high quality software. Your tests encode exactly the same assumptions and fallacies that you had when you wrote the code, so they miss exactly the same bugs that you missed when you wrote the code. Although it’s fairly uncontroversial at this point that you be testing your code, can you really say with a straight face that most projects you’ve worked on are adequately tested? Meanwhile, there are all sorts of tools for making testing better that are basically unused. The original Quickcheck is from and the majority of developers have not even heard of it, let alone used it. There are a bunch of half-baked implementations for most languages, but very few of them are worth using. The goal of Hypothesis is to bring advanced testing techniques to the masses, and to provide an implementation that is so high quality that it is easier to use them than it is not to use them. Where I can, I will beg, borrow and steal every good idea I can find that someone has had to make software testing better. Quickcheck is the start, but I also plan to integrate ideas from fuzz testing (a planned future feature is to use coverage information to drive example selection, and the example saving database is already inspired by the workflows people use for fuzz testing), and am open to and actively seeking out other suggestions and ideas. Next


Writing a Hypothesis for Your Science Fair Project - Science Buddies

How write a hypothesisWhat is a Hypothesis? A hypothesis is a tentative, testable answer to a scientific question. Once a scientist has a scientific question she is interested in, the scientist reads up to find out what is already known on the topic. Then she uses that information to form a tentative answer to her scientific question. Sometimes people. An hypothesis is a specific statement of prediction. It describes in concrete (rather than theoretical) terms what you expect will happen in your study. Sometimes a study is designed to be exploratory (see inductive research). Let's say that you predict that there will be a relationship between two variables in your study. There is no formal hypothesis, and perhaps the purpose of the study is to explore some area more thoroughly in order to develop some specific hypothesis or prediction that can be tested in future research. The way we would formally set up the hypothesis test is to formulate two hypothesis statements, one that describes your prediction and one that describes all the other possible outcomes with respect to the hypothesized relationship. Your prediction is that variable A and variable B will be related (you don't care whether it's a positive or negative relationship). Then the only other possible outcome would be that variable A and variable B are to represent the null case. In some studies, your prediction might very well be that there will be no difference or change. In this case, you are essentially trying to find support for the null hypothesis and you are opposed to the alternative. In the figure on the left, we see this situation illustrated graphically. The alternative hypothesis -- your prediction that the program will decrease absenteeism -- is shown there. Next


How to Write a Hypothesis -

How write a hypothesisOften, one of the trickiest parts of designing and writing up any research paper is writing the hypothesis. An aim identifies the purpose of the investigation. It is a straightforward expression of what the researcher is trying to find out from conducting an investigation. The aim typically involves the word “investigate” or “investigation”. For example: A hypothesis (plural hypotheses) is a precise, testable statement of what the researchers predict will be the outcome of the study. This usually involves proposing a possible relationship between two variables: the independent variable (what the researcher changes) and the dependant variable (what the research measures). In research, there is a convention that the hypothesis is written in two forms, the null hypothesis, and the alternative hypothesis (called the experimental hypothesis when the method of investigation is an experiment). Briefly, the hypotheses can be expressed in the following ways: In order to write the experimental and null hypotheses for an investigation, you need to identify the key variables in the study. A variable is anything that can change or be changed, i.e. Examples of variables are intelligence, gender, memory, ability, time etc. Next


Video 1.4 - How To Write A Lab Report - Hypothesis - YouTube

How write a hypothesisSep 8, 2011. Video 1.4 - How To Write A Lab Report - Hypothesis Use this video to complete your notes on "Hypothesis". Do you ask yourself, “where to find someone to write my paper? ” Or maybe think, “I need a good expert to help write my paper.” Both cases mean the same – you need help with writing academic assignments; want the write-up to be cheap and quality; to be on time with paper submissions, without lateness, penalties from a supervisor. We are your personal academic writing service providing support with various assignments to write. On our site you will find dedicated experts who write flawless papers. Make your experience unforgettable with our top-notch service and find what true quality of written support means! Turn to our writing team with any kinds of assignments to write; we deliver quality papers, complete even challenging orders within short deadlines. Next


How write a hypothesisWho wrote Genesis? Did Moses really write Genesis? A deadly hypothesis denying that Moses had anything to do with Genesis, based on spurious scholarship. To truly understand what is going on, we should read through and work through several examples. If we know about the ideas behind hypothesis testing and see an overview of the method, then the next step is to see an example. The following shows a worked out example of a hypothesis test. In looking at this example, we consider two different versions of the same problem. Suppose that a doctor claims that those who are 17 years old have an average body temperature that is higher than the commonly accepted average human temperature of 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit. A simple random statistical sample of 25 people, each of age 17, is selected. Next


Writing Research Questions and Hypotheses - Center for Innovation.

How write a hypothesisDefine research question and research hypothesis. Explain the difference between a research question and a research hypothesis and describe the appropriate use of each. Describe the purpose of each and understand the importance of a well-developed question or hypothesis. Provide examples of research questions. The main purpose of statistics is to test a hypothesis. For example, you might run an experiment and find that a certain drug is effective at treating headaches. But if you can’t repeat that experiment, no one will take your results seriously. A good example of this was the cold fusion discovery, which petered into obscurity because no one was able to duplicate the results. Contents (Click to skip to the section): as long as you can put it to the test. Next


Hypothesis Examples - SoftSchools

How write a hypothesisA hypothesis has classical been referred to as an educated guess. In the context of the scientific method, this description is somewhat correct. After a problem is identified, the scientist would typically conduct some research about the problem and then make a hypothesis about what will happen during his or her experiment. Usage The words hypothesis, law, and theory refer to different kinds of statements that scientists make about natural phenomena. A hypothesis is a statement that attempts to explain a set of facts. It forms the basis for an experiment that is designed to test whether it is true. Suppose your friend Smedley's room is a mess; your hypothesis might be that Smedley makes the room messy. You could test this hypothesis with an experiment: tidy up the room and see if it becomes messy again after Smedley returns. Next


Planning My Research Questions or Hypothesis - BCPS

How write a hypothesisQualitative approaches to research design generally use questions as their focus. Because qualitative studies start an investigation with a concept, but use inductive methods to reach a final conclusion about the research, most qualitative designs do not start with a hypothesis. Writing a research question is usually the better. A hypothesis has classical been referred to as an educated guess. In the context of the scientific method, this description is somewhat correct. After a problem is identified, the scientist would typically conduct some research about the problem and then make a hypothesis about what will happen during his or her experiment. A better explanation of the purpose of a hypothesis is that a hypothesis is a proposed solution to a problem. Hypotheses have not yet been supported by any measurable data. Next


Variable and Hypothesis Practice -

How write a hypothesisVariable and Hypothesis Practice. For each of the following testable questions identify the variables. A hypothesis (plural hypotheses) is a proposed explanation for a phenomenon. For a hypothesis to be a scientific hypothesis, the scientific method requires that one can test it. Scientists generally base scientific hypotheses on previous observations that cannot satisfactorily be explained with the available scientific theories. Even though the words "hypothesis" and "theory" are often used synonymously, a scientific hypothesis is not the same as a scientific theory. A working hypothesis is a provisionally accepted hypothesis proposed for further research. Next


Science fair project - how to write a

How write a hypothesisHow do you write a hypothesis? What is it? How do you come up with a good hypothesis? An empirical study begins with writing a hypothesis. If there is no hypothesis, we will not be able to test any cause and effect relationship. Therefore, it’s important to write a hypothesis that can be tested and can offer some great insights into a situation. We’ve been using the word “hypothesis” quite frequently in previous econometrics articles. In fact, we have represented a hypothesis statistically, developed econometrics models and calculated the extent to which an independent variable affects a dependent variable. Next


How to Plan and Write a Testable

How write a hypothesisHow to Write a Hypothesis. A hypothesis is a description of a pattern in nature or an explanation about some real-world phenomenon that can be tested. One of the most important skills a scientist has is his/her ability to write a good hypothesis. For today's homework you will be practicing how to write a hypothesis correctly. There are three basic types of hypotheses: the general hypothesis, a specific hypothesis, and a measurable hypothesis. The general hypothesis states the general relationship between the major variables. The specific hypothesis fills in important details about the variables given in the hypothesis. The measurable hypothesis refines the specific hypothesis by stating the direction of the difference or nature of the relationship. Consider the following example: Anne has observed that Hopkins 8th grade girls seem to get better grades on organization skills tests such as notebook quizzes than 8th grade boys. She wants to scientifically determine whether or not this is true. Anne writes a general hypothesis which states: "Boys and girls receive different grades on organizational skills tests." Do you notice how general this hypothesis is? Next


How to Plan and Write a Testable Hypothesis - wikiHow

How write a hypothesisHow to Write a Hypothesis. A hypothesis is a description of a pattern in nature or an explanation about some real-world phenomenon that can be tested through observation and experimentation. The most common way a hypothesis is used in. The critical period hypothesis is the subject of a long-standing debate in linguistics and language acquisition over the extent to which the ability to acquire language is biologically linked to age. The hypothesis claims that there is an ideal time window to acquire language in a linguistically rich environment, after which further language acquisition becomes much more difficult and effortful. The critical period hypothesis states that the first few years of life is the crucial time in which an individual can acquire a first language if presented with adequate stimuli. If language input does not occur until after this time, the individual will never achieve a full command of language—especially grammatical systems. The evidence for such a period is limited, and support stems largely from theoretical arguments and analogies to other critical periods in biology such as visual development, but nonetheless is widely accepted. The nature of such a critical period, however, has been one of the most fiercely debated issues in psycholinguistics and cognitive science in general for decades. Some writers have suggested a "sensitive" or "optimal" period rather than a critical one; others dispute the causes (physical maturation, cognitive factors). The duration of the period also varies greatly in different accounts. Next


DEVELOPING HYPOTHESIS AND RESEARCH QUESTIONS

How write a hypothesisDEVELOPING HYPOTHESES & RESEARCH QUESTIONS Shalini Prasad Ajith Rao Eeshoo Rehani 500 RESEARCH METHODS SEPTEMBER 18TH 2001 DEVELOPING HYPOTHESIS AND Update: Much of the explanation below I’ve now published in a paper in The American Biology Teacher – Strode, P. In fact, we practice scientific methodology in various ways. Hypothesis Generation in Biology: A Science Teaching Challenge & Potential Solution. In the paper I show, by way of eight years of data from the International Science and Engineering Fair, a textbook survey, and a teacher survey, how we are misleading our students by not helping them understand and practice this fundamental component of scientific thinking.. Sometimes we make observations about nature, ask questions, answer those questions with explanations or generalizations (hypotheses), and test our answers with predictions and experiments. However, while sometimes the way we do science is mostly linear, most of the time this approach to science is oversimplified. ‘Understanding Science’ at the University of California at Berkeley provides some excellent details on the nonlinear nature of the scientific process here and here. Next


The Pentateuch -- the first five books of

How write a hypothesisBeliefs of mainline and liberal theologians They generally accept the "Documentary Hypothesis" which asserts that the Pentateuch was written by a group of four. “My hypothesis is …” These words are becoming more common everyday. Product teams are starting to talk like scientists. The internet industry is going through a mindset shift. Instead of assuming we have all the right answers, we are starting to acknowledge that building products is hard. We are accepting the reality that our ideas are going to fail more often than they are going to succeed. Rather than waiting to find out which ideas are which after engineers build them, smart product teams are starting to integrate experimentation into their product discovery process. Your hypothesis should cover a specific design not the idea of a redesign. They are asking themselves, how can we test this idea before we invest in it? In other words, use this: The former can be supported or refuted by an experiment. This process starts with formulating a good hypothesis. The latter can encompass dozens of design solutions, where some might work and others might not. There are dozens of ways that you might measure an increase in usability. For this population, the answer to this popup will always be no. If 45 of the people who see the popup are already subscribers and as a result they all say no, and of the five remaining visitors only 1 says yes, it’s going to look like her conversion rate is 1 out of 50, or 2%. This number should determine in black and white terms whether or not your hypothesis passes or fails and should dictate how you act on the results. When we are new to hypothesis testing, we tend to start with hypotheses like these: The Change: This is the change that you are introducing to your product. The Expected Impact: The expected impact should clearly define what you expect to see as a result of making the change. Will it reduce response times, increase conversions, or grow your audience? In order for this to be a testable hypothesis, you need to define which metric you expect to be affected by this change. I was recently working with a product manager who was testing a sign up form popup upon exiting a page. You are reading a blog post and just as you are about to navigate away, you get a popup that asks, “Would you like to subscribe to our newsletter? Rather than testing with her whole population, she should be testing with just the people who are not currently subscribers. And it might not sound like it’s worth the effort, but it’s the only way to get good results. However, if she limits her test to just the people who haven’t subscribed, her conversion rate is 1 out of 5, or 20%. By how much: The fourth component builds on the expected impact. Suppose you hypothesize that the change will improve conversion rates by 10%, then if your change results in a 9% increase, your hypothesis fails. Next


Hypothesis - definition of hypothesis by

How write a hypothesisDefine hypothesis. hypothesis synonyms, hypothesis pronunciation, hypothesis translation, English dictionary definition of hypothesis. n. pl. hy·poth·e·ses 1. A. Is the idea that the ancestors of modern humans were more aquatic. The hypothesis in its present form was proposed by the marine biologist Alister Hardy in 1960 who argued that a branch of apes was forced by competition from life in the trees to hunt for food such as shellfish on the sea shore and that this explained many characteristics such as man's upright posture. This proposal was noticed by Elaine Morgan, a scriptwriter, who objected to the male image of the "mighty hunter" being presented in popular anthropological works by Raymond Dart and others. While her 1972 book The Descent of Woman was very popular with the public, it attracted no attention from scientists, who saw no way of testing assertions about soft body parts and human habits in the distant past. Morgan removed the feminist polemic in several later books, and her ideas were discussed at a 1987 conference devoted to the idea. Next


Writing the hypothesis - Writing the hypothesis

How write a hypothesisAutomatic hypothesis generator. You may be able to use this automatic hypothesis generator to write your hypothesis for you. The sentance below supplies a scaffold for writing a hypothesis. If the independent variable is increased, decreased, changed, then the dependent variable will increase, decrease, change. You may be able to use this automatic hypothesis generator to write your hypothesis for you. The sentance below supplies a scaffold for writing a hypothesis. If the independent variable is (increased, decreased, changed), then the dependent variable will (increase, decrease, change.) Example Hypothesis: If the amount of heat is decreased then germination will decrease. In the example the independent variable is amount of heat, it will be decreased, then the dependent variable which is germination will decease. Place the bolded terms into the hypothesis generator (or Hypothenator) and see if it comes up with a useful hypothesis. Next


Step 5 Hypothesis Statement - Lincoln Lutheran

How write a hypothesisUsing the word does not suggest how you would go about proving it. If these statements had not been written carefully, they may not have been a hypotheses at all. A better way to write a hypotheses is to use a formalized hypotheses. Example If skin cancer is related to ultraviolet light, then people with a high exposure to uv. A hypothesis is a tentative statement that proposes a possible explanation to some phenomenon or event. All of these are examples of hypotheses because they use the tentative word "may. Using the word may does not suggest how you would go about providing supporting evidence for the hypothesis. A useful hypothesis is a testable statement, which may include a prediction. Theories are general explanations based on a large amount of data. Usually, a hypothesis is based on some previous observation such as noticing that in November many trees undergo color changes in their leaves and the average daily temperatures are dropping. If these statements had not been written carefully, they may not have even been hypotheses at all. For example, the theory of evolution applies to all living things and is based on wide range of observations. That is, you will perform a test of how two variables might be related. For example, if we say "Trees will change color when it gets cold." we are making a prediction. However, there are many things about evolution that are not fully understood such as gaps in the fossil record. Or if we write, "Ultraviolet light causes skin cancer." could be a conclusion. One way to prevent making such easy mistakes is to formalize the form of the hypothesis. For example, "If I play the lottery, then I will get rich." This is a simple prediction. Next


How to Write a Thesis A Working Guide - Current

How write a hypothesisAnundergraduatethesisis,atpresent,gradedonthequalityofresearch,thesignificanceofthecontribu-tionsandthestyleofpresentation. us. In linguistics, the Sapir–Whorf hypothesis (SWH) states that there is a systematic relationship between the grammatical categories of the language a person speaks and how that person both understands the world and behaves in it. Although it has come to be known as the Sapir–Whorf hypothesis, it rather was an axiom underlying the work of linguist and anthropologist Edward Sapir and his colleague and student Benjamin Whorf. The position that language anchors thought (thinking is shabdan A or 'languaging') was argued cogently by Bhartrihari (6th c. AD) and was the subject of centuries of debate in the Indian linguistic tradition. Related notions in the West, such as the axiom that language has controlling effects upon thought, can be traced to Wilhelm von Humboldt's essay "Über das vergleichende Sprachstudium" (On the comparative study of languages), and the notion has been largely assimilated into Western thought. Next


The Hypothesis in Science Writing

How write a hypothesisHow to Write a Proper Hypothesis. The Hypothesis in Science. Writing. The Importance of. Hypotheses. Hypotheses are used to support scientific research and create breakthroughs in knowledge. These brief statements are what form the basis of entire research experiments. Thus, a flaw in the formulation of a hypothesis. If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website. If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.and *.are unblocked. Next


A Strong Hypothesis - Science Buddies

How write a hypothesisFeb 23, 2010. Step by Step You can see from the basic outline of the Scientific Method below that writing your hypothesis comes early in the process Ask a Question; Do Background Research; Construct a Hypothesis; Test Your Hypothesis by Doing an Experiment; Analyze Your Data and Draw a Conclusion. Scientists look at a given set of circumstances or parameters and make an educated guess about how those circumstances affect something else. Essays are often used to write up the results of these experiments. But before you ever write this type of essay, you have to choose and write out a hypothesis to test. Next


Did Moses Write Genesis? Answers in

How write a hypothesisOld Testament; Exodus Then the Lord said to Moses, "Write this for a memorial in the book and recount it in the hearing of Joshua, that I will utterly blot out. The potential for your marketing improvement depends on the strength of your testing hypotheses. Have you been scouring competitor sites, or perhaps pulling from previous designs on your site? Which is good news, because if you can’t create hypotheses for things that should be tested, your test results won’t mean mean much, and you probably shouldn’t be spending your time testing. The web is full of ideas and you’re full of ideas – there is no shortage of inspiration, that’s for sure. Taking the time to write your hypotheses correctly will help you structure your ideas, get better results, and avoid wasting traffic on poor test designs. Coming up with something you test can be hard to do. With this post, we’re getting advanced with marketing hypotheses, showing you how to write and structure your hypotheses to gain both business results and marketing insights! By the time you finish reading, you’ll be able to: To make this whole experience a bit more tangible, let’s track a sample idea from…well…idea to hypothesis. Let’s say you identified a call-to-action (CTA)* while browsing the web, and you were inspired to test something similar on your own lead generation landing page. Your idea is: “My page needs a new CTA.” A well-structured hypothesis provides insights whether it is proved, disproved, or results are inconclusive. Next


How to Write Guide Sections of the

How write a hypothesisWhy a Scientific Format? The scientific format may seem confusing for the beginning science writer due to its rigid structure which is so. Preparing to Write a Hypothesis Formulating Your Hypothesis Community Q&A A hypothesis is a description of a pattern in nature or an explanation about some real-world phenomenon that can be tested through observation and experimentation. The most common way a hypothesis is used in scientific research is as a tentative, testable, and falsifiable statement that explains some observed phenomenon in ok We more specifically call this kind of statement an explanatory hypothesis. However, a hypothesis can also be a statement that describes an observed pattern in nature. In this case we call the statement a generalizing hypothesis. Hypotheses can generate predictions: statements that propose that one variable will drive some effect on or change in another variable in the result of a controlled experiment. Next


How to write a hypothesis for marketing experimentation.

How write a hypothesisDec 7, 2017. We're getting advanced with marketing hypotheses, showing you how to write and structure 'em to gain both business results and marketing insights! (will be worked on in class prior to due date) Your hypothesis statement will be turned in during science class, reviewed by the teacher and returned. Below is a short explanation of a hypothesis statement and some examples of hypothesis statements. Hypothesis statement--a prediction that can be tested or an educated guess. In a hypothesis statement, students make a prediction about what they think will happen or is happening in their experiment. EXAMPLES: Question: Why do leaves change colors in the fall? Hypothesis: I think that leaves change colors in the fall because they are not being exposed to as much sunlight. Next


How to write hypotheses - YouTube

How write a hypothesisDec 22, 2013. guide to writing different types of hypotheses-- Created using PowToon -- Free sign up at. Make your own animated videos and animated presentations for free. PowToon is a free tool that allows you to develop cool animated clips and animated presentations for your website. A testable hypothesis is one that can be used as the basis for an experiment. It predicts the correlation between two variables and can be tested by varying one of the variables. If the variables cannot be measured, the hypothesis cannot be proved or disproved. If one of the variables cannot be varied, it is impossible to conduct an experiment. If more than one variable is changed, the results are inconclusive. To write a testable hypothesis, it is important to consider how it will be tested and what makes for a valid experiment. Make an observation about the correlation between two things. This can be in the form of a question, such as, "Which freezes faster, hot water or cold water? Next


Writing a Hypothesis - YouTube

How write a hypothesisAug 19, 2013. A continuation of our discussion about observations and science questions. This video explains the purpose of a hypothesis and how to construct one. Most Christians have been taught in Sunday school that Moses wrote the first five books of the Bible. These books: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy, are often referred to as the Pentateuch or Torah. However, outside of the more conservative seminaries and churches, it is commonly held that Moses did not write these books, that they are a compilation of works by numerous writers over an extended period of time. Religious studies courses at most universities teach that the Pentateuch is a composite work consisting of four literary strands. The four strands have been assigned the letters J, E, D, and P; each representing a different document or source that was woven into the fabric of the Bible. This set of assumptions has gone by a number of names including the documentary theory and the Graf-Wellhausen theory. And finally, "P" is the priestly document that comes from the period after the fall of Israel in 587 B. According to the theory, the Pentateuch reached its current form around the time of Ezra or about 400 B. Why is the issue of Mosaic authority an important one? According to this view, the letter "J" stands for the Yahwist ("J" from the German Jahweh) narrative, coming from the period of the early Jewish monarchy, about 950 B. "E" stands for the Elohist narrative from the region of the Northern Kingdom dating from about 750 B. "D" is best represented by the book of Deuteronomy and is said to have originated in the Southern Kingdom about 650 B. Those who accept the documentary or Graf-Wellhausen theory argue that the content of these books should be seen as a mixture of credible historical events and religious poetry sparked by man's religious imagination. For example, regarding Moses and God on Mount Sinai, one author of an Old Testament survey writes that, "It would be foolish, for instance, to rationalize the burning bush, as though this vision were something that could have been seen with the objective eye of a camera." Holders of this view reject the notion of supernatural revelation and regard much of the Pentateuch as folklore and Hebrew storytelling. Next


Q. How do I write a good hypothesis statement? - LibAnswers

How write a hypothesisDec 8, 2017. Start by understanding just what a hypothesis is! Generally used in quantitative research studies, it's an educated guess or prediction about the relationship between two variables. It must be a testable statement.something that you can support or falsify with observable evidence. Take some time to review. When writing a business case study analysis, you must first have a good understanding of the case study. Before you begin the steps below, read the business case carefully, taking notes all the while. It may be necessary to read the case several times to get all of the details and fully grasp the issues facing the group, company, or industry. As you are reading, do your best to identify key issues, key players, and the most pertinent facts. Once you are comfortable with the information, use the following step-by-step instructions to write a case study analysis. Next


Formatting a testable hypothesis

How write a hypothesisUsing the word “may” does not suggest how you would go about providing supporting evidence for the hypothesis. If these statements had not been written carefully, they may not have even been hypotheses at all. For example, if we say "Trees will change color when it gets cold." we are making a prediction. Or if we write. A hypothesis is a tentative, testable answer to a scientific question. Once a scientist has a scientific question she is interested in, the scientist reads up to find out what is already known on the topic. Then she uses that information to form a tentative answer to her scientific question. Sometimes people refer to the tentative answer as "an educated guess." Keep in mind, though, that the hypothesis also has to be testable since the next step is to do an experiment to determine whether or not the hypothesis is right! A hypothesis leads to one or more predictions that can be tested by experimenting. Next


How to Write a Hypothesis Lesson for Kids

How write a hypothesisIn this lesson, we investigate why scientist use a hypothesis, practice how to write a hypothesis, and learn some helpful hints for writing a. Imagine you're hiking in the forest and come across one burnt tree. No, that isn't possible because the other trees are healthy. That seems more likely - there have been thunderstorms every day this week, this tree is the tallest in the forest, and lightning can burn objects. You might ask yourself, 'what happened to this tree? Congratulations, you just created what scientists refer to as a hypothesis! A hypothesis (pronounced hi-PAW-thuh-sis; plural hypotheses) is a prediction or possible explanation for a question that needs to be investigated. Coming up with a hypothesis is one step in the scientific method, which we use when we perform science experiments. You may have heard your parents or teacher use the phrase 'make an educated guess.' A hypothesis is kind of like that. Next


How write a hypothesis * Bootstrap v3.3.6 ( * Copyright 2011-2015 Twitter, Inc. * Licensed under MIT (https://github.com/twbs/bootstrap/blob/master/LICENSE) */ /*! Next


How write a hypothesis When there is less oxygen in the water, rainbow trout suffer more lice. Kristin says: "This hypothesis is good because it is testable, simple, written as a statement, and establishes the participants (trout), variables (oxygen in water, and numbers of lice), and predicts effect (as oxygen levels go down, the numbers of lice go up)." Our universe is surrounded by another, larger universe, with which we can have absolutely no contact. Kristin says: "This statement may or may not be true, but it is not a scientific hypothesis. There are no observations that a scientist can make to tell whether or not the hypothesis is correct. This statement is speculation, not a hypothesis." Aphid-infected plants that are exposed to ladybugs will have fewer aphids after a week than aphid-infected plants which are left untreated. Sandra says: "This hypothesis gives a clear indication of what is to be tested (the ability of ladybugs to curb an aphid infestation), is a manageable size for a single experiment, mentions the independent variable (ladybugs) and the dependent variable (number of aphids), and predicts the effect (exposure to ladybugs reduces the number of aphids)." Ladybugs are a good natural pesticide for treating aphid infected plants. Next


How write a hypothesis Note: if you are designing a research study, explore the Research Methods Information guide for helpful resources. See also: What is the difference between a thesis statement and a hypothesis statement? Next


How write a hypothesis All three agree that the Torah is not a unified work from a single author (traditionally Moses) but is made up of sources combined over many centuries by many hands. They differ on the nature of these sources and how they were combined. According to the documentary hypothesis there were four sources, each originally a separate and independent book (a "document"), joined together at various points in time by a series of editors ("redactors"). A version of the documentary hypothesis, frequently identified with the German scholar Julius Wellhausen, was almost universally accepted for most of the 20th century, but the consensus has now collapsed. As a result, there has been a revival of interest in fragmentary and supplementary approaches, frequently in combination with each other and with a documentary model, making it difficult to classify contemporary theories as strictly one or another. Modern scholars increasingly see the completed Torah as a product of the time of the Achaemenid Empire (probably 450–350 BCE), although some would place its production in the Hellenistic period (333–164 BCE) or even the Hasmonean dynasty (140–37 BCE). Deuteronomy continues to be seen as having had a history separate from the first four books, and there is a growing recognition that Genesis developed apart from the Exodus stories until joined to it by the Priestly writer. In 1780 Johann Eichhorn, building on the work of the French doctor and exeget Jean Astruc's "Conjectures" and others, formulated the "older documentary hypothesis": the idea that Genesis was composed by combining two identifiable sources, the Jehovist ("J"; also called the Yahwist) and the Elohist ("E"). Next